Fly fishing is a type of sport where you attempt to catch fish by use of artificial material such as imitation of flies that resembles what makes up a fish food base. You can do fly fishing in many places such as local fishing clubs, in trout fisheries, still waters, streams, rivers, seas and even lakes. Fly fishing requires specialized equipment to facilitate the sporting activity as described below;
1. Fly rod
They vary in length depending on what you are fishing for, from around 6inch to 15inch. For best fishing experience, it is important you match your rod and line to the size of the fly, species and the venue you are fishing from. There is a rating on each rod which ranges from 1 to 16; 1 being for the smallest fish with the smallest flies in the smallest streams, 16 being for giant species like sharks and tuna in salt waters.
2. Fly reel
The purpose of a fly reel is for backing and storing the fly line. It is essential that your reel balances with your rod so that it is neither too heavy nor too light. The reel should be able to hold the appropriate fly line and support sufficient backing. The drag system on the reel should be able to cope with the species you are fly fishing for.
3. Fly line
This is a long flexible weight that loads the rod which delivers the fly to the target. It is a basic piece of equipment that comes in different sizes, tapers and densities. Fly lines also have ratings ranging from 1 to 16; 1 being for fishing in the smallest streams with the smallest flies, 16 being for huge species in salt waters. Fly lines come in different tapers;
– Double tapered – they are same at both ends hence balancing the weight.
– Weight forward – the working weight is placed on one end of the line.
– Shooting taper –used when casting in longer distances.
This is the equipment that presents your fly to the fish. It connects your fly line and the fly. It is essential that leaders be around the same length as the rod, around 9inch. For best presentation of the fly, a tapered leader should be used. A tapered leader has the thick end towards the fly line and the other end tapers down to its thinnest at the fly. It thus makes certain there is a smooth transition of power through the fly line, then the leader to the fly, finally allowing the cast to turn over correctly.
There are so many fly patterns available to choose from. They imitate the natural food of the fish such as smaller fish, aquatic invertebrates and insects that float and live and the water. A selection of flies could include dry flies, nymphs and lures which represent baits.
6. Other accessories
Other items to facilitate a great fly fishing experience include the following;
– Polarized sunglasses – protects your eyes and helps with underwater vision by cutting down the glare on the surface,
– A landing net
– Scissors for cutting leader
– A hat to protect your head in case of an errant cast.
– A floatant; applied to flies to keep them floating.
– A leader sink; added to the leader to help it sink.