Choosing a proper fly fishing line involves a number of factors. The fly line connects the rod to the leader. The leader has the purpose of connecting the flies to the line so that you can cast them. Most manufacturers produce fishing rods for any average person to use and average conditions.
This results into most fly fishermen using only one weight of line since on the rod handle there is usually a code for the right weight line to use. But to get full fly fishing experience, you may consider using varying lines sizes from the one suggested on the rod. Fly fishing would be worth it if different line sizes and leaders are used. The following are guiding tips on choosing the best fly lines and leaders;
1. Match the line weight to conditions
Various line weights can be used on the same rod for different fishing conditions. For instance, fishing in calmer water, using a fly line one size lighter than the one inscribed on the rod’s handle could prove fruitful. Since in calm water longer leaders are preferred so that the line does not fall in water to scare away the target, casting could be difficult, and there is a reduction in accuracy. This is where you will need to use a fly line one size lighter than the one recommended on the rod. It is even possible to drop down to two sizes without damaging the rod.
2. Varying weight and speed
Fly rods are made to cast a given weight of line with some good speed. There two benefits in dropping down a line size. One is, the line will alight on the water softly. Two is, the line doesn’t develop much speed because it is not as heavy.
Casting dry flies or nymph is still possible even with the line two sizes lighter. A shorter leader can also be used since the line speed has been reduced and hence lessening the impact on the water surface. In situations like when the wind is blowing, casting a lighter than normal line to a distant target will be easier.
3. Using shooting tapers for greater distance
Shooting tapers are used to obtain greater distance. Casting with the line weight recommended by manufacturers, you only go just under 30 feet of line from the rod tip to get distance. Consider using a taper that’s a size heavier than it’s recommended and you will be pleased by the distance you gain.
4. Why choosing heavier a line is necessary
If your target is small streams with trout, using a line heavier than the rod is advisable, Also areas where casting is restricted in distance, a heavier line is the right answer. This also applies when bass fishing in swamps.
5. Choosing based on density
Density affects how the line behaves on water, and hence its buoyancy. Consider buying a variety of line to get a chance to switch lines to meet conditions. There are four choices you could pick from;
– Floating (F) lines – floats on water, suitable for beginners, easier to cast and are good for dry flies.
– Intermediate (I) lines –a little denser than water, sink slowly to present a fly just below the water’s surface, works well in shallow, weedy lakes.
– Sinking (S) lines – they sink, designed for deep waters and fast flowing rivers, suitable for wet flies.
– Floating /Sinking (F/S) lines – combine the two characteristics; part of the tip sinks to present the bait, the balance of line floats.